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          Fluent中湍流強度(Turbulence Intensity)的基本定義和理解

          2022-12-29  by:CAE仿真在線  來源:互聯網

          關于的基本公式是這樣的:


          Fluent中湍流強度(Turbulence Intensity)的基本定義和理解fluent圖片1

          稍微解釋一下就是

          1、他是一種比值,衡量的是湍流的程度,所以fluent后面給他帶了個單位是%,百分比的單位

          2、他是用來衡量湍流的程度的,所以并不是兩個速度的比值,而是速度波動程度相對于平均速度的比值。而速度波動描述的就是湍流的特征。

          這個值會因為采用模型不同而有不同,一般10%一下算是較小的,而20%算是較大的,但是也有300%及其以上的,比如流速變化劇烈的局部區域,這也不奇怪。

          下面是具體來源和官方的解釋:


          https://ansyshelp.ansys.com/account/Secured?returnurl=/Views/Secured/corp/v181/en/flu_ug/x1-4300008.63.2.html

          文檔位置:help/flu_ug/x1-4300008.63.2.html


          Fluent中湍流強度(Turbulence Intensity)的基本定義和理解fluent仿真分析圖片2



          7.4.2.1.3. Turbulence Intensity
          The turbulence intensity, , is defined as the ratio of the root-mean-square of the velocity fluctuations, , to the mean flow velocity, .

          A turbulence intensity of 1% or less is generally considered low and turbulence intensities greater than 10% are considered high. Ideally, you will have a good estimate of the turbulence intensity at the inlet boundary from external, measured data. For example, if you are simulating a wind-tunnel experiment, the turbulence intensity in the free stream is usually available from the tunnel characteristics. In modern low-turbulence wind tunnels, the free-stream turbulence intensity may be as low as 0.05%.

          For internal flows, the turbulence intensity at the inlets is totally dependent on the upstream history of the flow. If the flow upstream is under-developed and undisturbed, you can use a low turbulence intensity. If the flow is fully developed, the turbulence intensity may be as high as a few percent. The turbulence intensity at the core of a fully-developed duct flow can be estimated from the following formula derived from an empirical correlation for pipe flows:

          Fluent中湍流強度(Turbulence Intensity)的基本定義和理解fluent圖片1(7–71)
          At a Reynolds number of 50,000, for example, the turbulence intensity will be 4%, according to this formula.

          The default value for turbulence intensity is 5% (medium intensity).



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